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HTML Elements

Post by Admin on Fri Aug 13, 2010 12:47 am

HTML elements are the fundamentals of HTML. HTML documents are simply a text file made up of HTML elements. These elements are defined using HTML tags. HTML tags tell your browser which elements to present and how to present them. Where the element appears is determined by the order in which the tags appear.

HTML consists of almost 100 tags.
Don't let that put you off though - you will probably find that most of
the time, you only use a handful of tags on your web pages. Having said
that, I highly recommend learning all HTML tags eventually - but we'll
get to that later.

OK, lets look more closely at the example that we created in the previous lesson.
Code:
<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01//EN" "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/strict.dtd">
<html>
<head>
<title>HTML Tutorial Example</title>
</head>
<body>
<p>Less than 5 minutes into this HTML tutorial and
I've already created my first homepage!</p>
</body>
</html>
Closing your tags


As mentioned in a previous lesson, you'll notice that all of these
tags have opening and closing tags, and that the content of the tag is
placed in between them. There are a few exceptions to this rule.
You'll also notice that the closing tag is slightly different to the opening tag - the closing tag contains a forward slash (/) after the <. This tells the browser that this tag closes the previous one.
UPPERCASE or lowercase?


Although most browsers will display your page regardless of the case
you use, you should always code in lowercase. This helps keep your code
XML compliant (but that's another topic).
Therefore...Good:<head>
Bad:<HEAD>


In the next lesson, we learn about some of the more common formatting tags.
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